The origin of this song and dance is not completely known, but it is thought to be during the Promotion period around 200 years ago. At the time, Chichibu was considered within the cultural and economic sphere of influence of Edo (Tokyo) and the sudden rise in popularity of Bodhisattva worship and kabuki theater and the local industry of silk farming was thought to be its medium. In other words, the movement of the dance was based upon kabuki, silk farming, and other customs of the region.
During the early Showa period, the dance had changed and declined. The poet Isekiko Kaneko of Minano used his lyrics and other publically submitted lyrics to be applied to the music written by Gisaku Yoshioka, which was later performed as the Chichibu Harvest Dance.